The Scarborough Bluffs, also known as The Bluffs, is an escarpment in the Scarborough district of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. There are nine parks along the bluffs, with Bluffers Park being the only one with beach access. Forming much of the eastern portion of Toronto’s waterfront, Scarborough Bluffs stands above the shoreline of Lake Ontario. At its highest point, the escarpment rises 90 metres (300 ft) above the coastline and spans a length of 15 kilometres (9.3 mi). It was first named in 1793.
The Toronto Islands are a chain of small islands in Lake Ontario, south of mainland Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Comprising the only group of islands in the western part of Lake Ontario, the Toronto Islands are located just offshore from the city centre, and provide shelter for Toronto Harbour. The islands are home to parkland, the Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport, several yacht clubs, Centreville Amusement Park, and Hanlan’s Beach. The island community is considered to be the largest urban car-free community in North America, although some service vehicles are permitted. Access to the Islands is by ferry, including the City of Toronto ferries operating from Jack Layton Ferry Terminal at the foot of Bay Street, or by water taxis.
The Leslie Street Spit, or officially the Outer Harbour East Headland, is a man-made headland in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, extending from the city’s east end in a roughly southwesterly direction into Lake Ontario. It is about 5 kilometres (3 mi) long. The Spit is the result of five decades of lakefilling by the Toronto Port Authority. It was conceived as an extension of Toronto Harbour, and has evolved into a largely passive recreation area. Naturalization had not been planned but the process is now actively managed by the Toronto Region Conservation Authority. A large portion of it is classified as an Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA) and it is recognized as an Important Bird Area.
The Canadian National Exhibition (CNE), also known as The Ex, is an annual event that takes place at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, during the 18 days leading up to and including Canadian Labour Day, the first Monday in September. With approximately 1.5 million visitors each year, the CNE is Canada’s largest annual fair and the fifth largest in North America. The first Canadian National Exhibition took place in 1879, largely to promote agriculture and technology in Canada. Agriculturists, engineers, and scientists exhibited their discoveries and inventions at the CNE to showcase the work and talent of the nation. As Canada has grown as a nation, the CNE has also changed over time, reflecting the growth in diversity and innovation, though agriculture and technology remain a large part of the CNE today. To many people in the Greater Toronto Area and the surrounding communities, the CNE is an annual family tradition.
The 18-day fair itself consists of a mix of shopping areas, exhibits, live entertainment, agricultural displays, sports events, casino, and a large carnival midway with rides, games and food. The Canadian International Air Show on Labour Day weekend has been a feature of the fair since 1949.
Several buildings house exhibits and displays from vendors, government agencies and various industrial associations. These include the International Pavilion of products from around the world, and the Arts, Crafts and Hobbies Building of crafts, collectables and unusual items. The Enercare Centre complex holds the international pavilion, a garden show, the SuperDogs performances and a sand-sculpting competition. It also has exhibit space used for agricultural or industrial displays and a live stage. The Food Building houses a large number of vendors of food from many cultures, reflecting Toronto’s multicultural population. The Better Living Centre building is used for a casino on one side, and a farming display on the other. The CNE continues its tradition of agricultural produce competition and the winners are displayed in the Better Living Centre, along with a butter sculpting competition. Other exhibit areas are used differently in different years. There are a large number of vendors outside along the streets of the fair offering discount and unusual products. Some exhibits are only held for a few days of the year, such as the cat show. The 1792 “Scadding Cabin” log cabin display dates back to the first year of the fair and is the only time the cabin is open for display.
The Coliseum building is used for live shows. These have included high-wire acts, skating, the RCMP Musical Ride in the past. Outdoors, the Bandshell is used for daily music and nightly headliners. Additionally, areas are set up at various points around the fair for outdoor entertainment. These include such things as beer gardens, musical acts, acrobatic acts, buskers, parkour displays, circus acts, children’s shows and educational displays. There are two major parades at the CNE, the Warrior’s Day Parade of veterans and the Labour Day Parade of workers. Every evening a “Mardi Gras” parade is held.
The carnival midway has a large children’s area in the north-west corner of the park, with smaller rides suitable for children under 12. The main area is situated west of the EnerCare Centre and has several dozen rides, including thrill rides, roller coasters, swing rides and a log plume ride. Along several pathways of the midway area are games of “skill”, games of chance and many carnival food vendors. The CNE operates a “sky ride”, with chairs similar to ski-lift chairs, to carry riders from one end of the midway to the other.
Two of Toronto’s professional sports team have home games during the CNE. The Toronto Argonauts Canadian football team and the Toronto FC soccer (football) team both play at the BMO Field located in the middle of the fair. In Coronation Park, located across Lake Shore Boulevard, opposite the Princes’ Gates, the CNE holds a youth peewee baseball tournament and a women’s fastball tournament.
On the last long weekend of the CNE, on each of the last three afternoons there is a two hour airshow of vintage aircraft to modern military planes of Canada and the US putting on various demonstrations over the CNE waterfront. This is one of the highlights of the annual CNE in the last two weeks of August.
One in every five Canadians was born abroad, a percentage which is almost double that of the US or the UK. And, truth be told, this hasn’t led to any national tragedy, in fact, quite the contrary! Today we are going to look at Canada, a country who truly believes in open borders and globalization!
Toronto is one of the cities benefiting fro this influx of immigrants.